Life Expectancy of Garage Door Spring and Preventative Measures to Extend Life

The durability of all lifting structures depends on the movement mechanism and, in particular, on the type of the set springs. There are two of them — tension and torsion, which differ in the type of pre-installed mechanism and the principle of stretching the spring.

It is believed that doors with a torsion mechanism of movement have almost twice the service life and guarantee an improvement in the quality of use of the gate. This is especially important if the door is expected to open and close several times a day. The torsion springs are dual-format and are stronger, carry more weight, and generally run smoother and quieter. All industrial doors are necessarily equipped with torsion springs. This is justified not only by their long-term use (the average resource of torsion springs is 25,000 cycles) but also by industrial safety. Household gates have recently been produced with a torsion mechanism. This became necessary when they began to order large and heavy structures for two seats in the garage. Later, torsion springs began to be used in household gates, regardless of the design parameters, but at the request of the customer.

In this article, we will consider how long should garage door springs last, how to extend the life expectancy of a garage door spring, how to determine the average life of garage door springs, and factors that influence it.

Life Expectancy of Garage Door Spring and Preventative Measures to Extend Life

The Average Life of Garage Door Springs

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One of the most common causes of overhead garage sectional doors breaking down is spring failure. Any garage gate spring, regardless of type, has a certain life expectancy. So, how long do springs last on a garage door? This depends largely on the conditions and intensity of work, type of the torsion, brand, model, quality, resource, amount of use, and other features.

The average garage door torsion spring life expectancy, as well as operating time of extension springs, varies from 10,000 to 50,000 lifting and closing cycles. And we can highlight 3 types of springs:

  • standard cycle springs — 10,000 cycles;
  • high cycle springs — 25,000 cycles;
  • highest cycle springs — 50,000 cycles.

Despite popular belief, the highest cycle springs are not always a cost-effective solution. When choosing springs, you should also consider the type and expected life of your garage. If you set a spring that lasts longer than the garage where it is installed, you will just waste your money. However, if you have a well-founded construction that is likely to last as long as the house, the highest cycle springs are a profitable investment.

How to Determine the Garage Door Spring Lifespan

One opening and closing is one life cycle. To define the overall life cycle of the garage door spring, we must consider the following essential factors:

  • the size of the wire;
  • the diameter of the spring;
  • the length of the spring;
  • the weight of the door.

Longer life springs have thicker wires. These wires are stiffer and can withstand more stretching and bending than thinner ones. The thicker the wire is, the more costly the spring is. And it is much better to use stronger garage door springs than smaller ones. You will spend more money if you use smaller springs since you will have to change them more often.

Life Expectancy of Garage Door Spring and Preventative Measures to Extend Life

Common Causes of Premature Spring Aging

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While the approximate garage door spring lifespan is largely established, there are a number of factors that also play a role. Thus, the premature aging of springs can be caused by climatic conditions. Like any other metal element, a garage door spring can be adversely affected by a humid climate. Moisture on the metal can lead to rust very quickly. And the emergence of rust leads to an increase in the friction of the core, which causes even faster wear of the spring metal.

Another major factor is the weather. So, when it is cold, steel shrinks and becomes more brittle. Therefore, it is obvious that garage door springs most often break in the winter. Let’s imagine. After one more cold night, you expect the garage spring to do its job, but loud crackling lets you know that something is wrong. The spring had more stress than it could withstand in the cold, which led to its breakage.

Preventative Measures to Extend Life of Torsion and Tension Springs

The service life of garage doors largely depends on correct installation and operation, as well as on periodic care and service. So, to maximize the lifetime of the gates, it is necessary to carry out at least minimal maintenance. And the greatest attention in this matter should be paid to the springs since they are responsible for 95% of the operation of the mechanism.

  • Inspect the springs regularly and lubricate them in time. Regular lubrication prevents door malfunctions: all moving parts of the door — hinge brackets, roller holders, springs — must always be well lubricated. The lubricant should be applied to the cleaned surface with a thin layer, and not excessive, so as not to turn moving parts of the structure into a magnet for dust and soot.
  • Pay attention to the sound while the gate is moving. Abnormal noises can indicate a problem. If the gate is difficult to open, this is a sign that the springs are not functioning properly. If you notice that the door starts to crackle, you may need to adjust or replace the garage door springs.
  • Remember that sectional doors with a torsion spring system sometimes need to be adjusted: tensioning the spring when the structure is raised hard by hand or loosening it when it is hard to lower. The indicator of the correct setting of the torsion spring is the immobility of the blade in any opening position.
  • Prevent the wear caused by environmental factors. To avoid rusting, spray a silicone coating spray every three months. And as for the cold weather, make it a rule to listen and warm up. Let the garage warm up for as long as possible before you open it. You can also use a heater. After this, listen carefully to the sound when the garage door opens. Stop opening as soon as you hear the slightest irregular squeak.
  • Adjust the springs and balance the door leaf to avoid breakage. To extend the service life of the sectional garage doors, it is better to entrust all the manipulations on the setting, replacing, adjusting, tensioning, and reinstalling the springs to the specialists of the service center.

Life Expectancy of Garage Door Spring and Preventative Measures to Extend Life

Consider STI Garage Your Trusted Partner

STI Garage Door is an advanced garage door repair and installation company. Our specialists will help prevent aging and breakdown of springs and, if necessary, will repair or replace the springs in your garage door. Get a free pre-commissioning assessment, first-class service, full compliance with all specifications, reasonable prices, complete solutions, and quality assurance. Whatever the reason, specialists will promptly eliminate its unpleasant consequences.

Contact qualified technicians for a regular preventive check and maintenance, and then your garage gates will last for many years.

Final Thoughts

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Whether you have installed torsion or tension springs, each type needs quality care, regular inspection, and professional service. Springs, like any other elements of garage doors, have a certain lifespan. How long do garage door springs last? It depends on the type of pre-installed mechanism, the conditions and intensity of work, quality, resources, and other features. Furthermore, some external factors (such as climate and weather conditions) can influence the operation and lifespan of garage door springs. And to extend their life, you can follow some preventative measures, minimize the influence of the environment, and most importantly, do not underestimate professional help.

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In most residential garage doors, the life cycle of the springs is 10,000, 20,000, or even 50,000 cycles. However, some factors like severe corrosion, high humidity climate, and chips in the metal can shorten the garage door spring life expectancy. Frequent door mechanism lubrication and proper maintenance are required to extend the life of the spring.

The maximum lifespan of torsion springs is approximately 12-15 years, and in case of home use and proper maintenance, it can reach even 17 years. It is more convenient to change the spring once every 15 years than to contact the service center every 5-7 years. That is how many times it will be necessary to buy new tension springs.

Extension springs are installed in small sectional doors. They are designed for a moderate frequency of use and last 5-7 years on average. They are recommended to be chosen if the garage is located in a summer cottage or if the gate is rarely used.